The evolution of the statistical service of Greece

1828-1859

1828: conduct of the first Population Census. 1836: a Special Bureau of Public Finance is set up in the Ministry of Internal Affairs. It carries out Censuses based on administrative sources. This procedure is repeated annually up to 1845 and later on at irregular intervals in 1848, 1853 and 1856.

1860-1909

1860: the Bureau of Public Finance is divided into four (4) Sections, one of them under the name of Statistics Section. It is the first time that a Specialized Statistical Entity begins to function within the public administration. 1861: conduct of the Population Census and the Agricultural Census.

1910-1924

The modernization of public administration, including state statistics, begins in 1910. A Section of Statistics is set up in the newly created Ministry of National Economy. Later this Section is upgraded to a Central Department of Statistics, responsible for collecting, processing and publishing all the national statistics referring to: population, vital statistics and migration, agricultural production, industry, handicrafts and related sectors, transport, internal/external trade, communication, justice, prices, etc. Establishment of a Council of Statistics which consists of University professors and representatives of the Chambers of Commerce and Industry. The main statistical works of this period are the following: the Agricultural Census and the Surveys on Prices of basic consumer goods (1911), the Population Censuses in the new territories ceded to Greece (1913), the Industrial Census and the Population Census (1920) and the Census of Refugees from Asia Minor (1923).

1925-1955

1925: creation of the General Statistical Service of Greece within the Ministry of National Economy gathering all official statistics. 1929: publication for the first time of the Monthly Statistical Bulletin. 1930: publication of the Statistical Yearbook of Greece. Main statistical activities during this period: the Population Census, the Statistical Surveys on Libraries and Press Statistics and the Household Budget Survey of Industrial Workers (1929), the Census of Industrial Enterprises (1930), the Agricultural Census and the Population Census of 1940, the Agricultural Census of 1950 and the Population Census of 1951.

1956-2009

Organization of the National Statistical Service of Greece, by virtue of the Legislative Decree 3627/1956. Establishment of the General Secretariat of the National Statistical Service of Greece, belonging to the Ministry of National Economy, by virtue of the Presidential Decree 224/1986. Arrangement of issues concerning the access of General Secretariat of the National Statistical Service of Greece to administrative sources and files, and statistical confidentiality, by virtue of the Law 2392/1996.

The new statistical law 3832/2010 enters into force. This law, as amended by the laws 3842/2010, 3899/2010, 3943/2011, 3965/2011, 4047/2012 and 4072/2012 provides for:

2010 onwards

  • The establishment of the Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT) as an independent Authority subject to the control of the Hellenic Parliament.

  • The creation of the Hellenic Statistical System (ELSS) and the establishment of the Council of the Hellenic Statistical System (SYELSS).

  • The establishment of a Good Practice Advisory Committee with the task to prepare an annual report on the implementation of principles 1 to 6 (statutory framework) of the European Statistics Code of Practice in the ELSS.

  • The definition of the principles which must govern the statistical activities of ELSTAT and of the others ELSS agencies regarding the development, production and dissemination of statistics, according to the provisions of the Regulation (EC) 223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council, and as these are developed in the European Statistics Code of Practice, stipulated in Article 11 of the same Regulation.

  • The assignment to ELSTAT of the coordination of the activities of the other ELSS agencies, which concern the development, production and dissemination of the Country’s official statistics, as well as the certification as “official” of statistics which have been produced by other ELSS agencies.